Investment Opportunities in India

July 2, 2013

Investment options in Indian energy sector

Energy plays a key factor in determining the economic development of all countries. The Indian energy sector has witnessed a rapid growth in order to meet the demands of a developing nation. Areas like resource exploration and exploitation, capacity additions, and energy sector reforms have been revolutionized.

Energy sector in India comprises of both non-renewable (coal, lignite, petroleum and natural gas) and renewable energy sources (wind, solar, small hydro, biomass, cogeneration bagasse etc.).

India has retained its position in top five world wind energy markets in 2012. The country remained the third largest market for new turbines in 2012 with capacity addition of 2,441 megawatt (MW), according to World Wind Energy Report 2012. World’s wind turbine capacity addition grew at 19 per cent to 44,609 MW.

Major investments in Indian energy sector

The investment climate is very positive for investors in India. The power sector has witnessed a surge of higher investment flows than envisaged. The Ministry of Power has set a target for adding 76,000 MW of electricity capacity in the 12th Plan (2012-17) and 93,000 MW in the 13th Plan (2017-22).

Some of the major investments in the Indian energy sector:

  • National Aluminium Company Ltd (Nalco) has set up its second wind power plant in Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan with a capacity of 47.6 MW. The Rs 283 crore wind power project is being executed through Gamesa Wind Turbines Private Ltd
  • Coal India Ltd (CIL) plans to invest Rs 340 crore to embark on the second round of exploration at Mozambique coal blocks
  • Jakson Power Solutions has won two new orders for installing solar rooftop systems in Bengaluru and Pune. The first order is to set up the 80 kilowatt peak (KWp) solar rooftop unit with a facility of battery back-up at Karnataka State Disaster Management Centre, Bengaluru, said Mr Sundeep Gupta, Joint Managing Director, Jakson Power Solutions
  • Vikram Solar plans to put up a 10 MW power plant at Tamil Nadu (TN) under the second phase of the state’s solar policy
  • Mytrah Energy Ltd plans to acquire 59.75 MW of existing operational wind power assets in Tamil Nadu (TN) and Maharashtra. The company expects to have a capacity of 370 MW against previously anticipated 334 MW by 2013 wind season

Government Initiatives to promote investments in the energy sector

The Government has initiated several policies to attract investors in India to invest in the Indian energy sector. To accelerate capacity addition, several policy initiatives have been undertaken by the Ministry of Power. The National Electricity Policy (NEP) in fact, stipulates power for all and annual per capita consumption of electricity to rise to 1,000 units by 2012.

Some of the major investments taken by the Government of India to garner investments in the energy sector are as follows:

  • Foreign direct investments (FDI) up to 100 per cent is permitted under automatic route for projects of electricity generation (except atomic energy), transmission, distribution and power trading
  • Under the Union Budget 2013-14, the Government of India has approved a scheme for the financial restructuring of DISCOMS to restore the health of the energy sector in India
  • In a boost to power firms with plans to set up units in Special Economic Zones (SEZ), the Government has exempted them from the positive net foreign exchange (NFE) obligation applicable to regular units in such enclaves

Investment options in India, one of the most attractive economies in the world

The Indian economy continues to grow at a good pace and holds a strong position. Indiaís economy is amongst the largest in the world on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP). It is today one of the most attractive destinations for business investment opportunities with the available large manpower base, diversified natural resources and strong macroeconomic fundamentals. During April-January 2012-13, India received foreign direct investments (FDI) worth US$ 30.82 billion while FDI equity inflows during January 2013 stood at US$ 2.16 billion, according to latest data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).

India is the third-most attractive destination for FDI in the world. Indian markets have significant potential and a favorable regulatory regime for foreign investors, according to a survey titled World Investment Prospects Survey 2012ñ2014 by UNCTAD.

“We are keen to see FDI investment to surge in India and to that end, a favourable business climate will be helpful in going forward. We are encouraged to see there is a continued path towards fiscal consolidation,” according to Ms Christine Lagarde, Chief, International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Changes made by the Mr P Chidambaram, Union Minister for Finance, Government of India, in the Union Budget 2013-14 can greatly benefit high net worth individuals looking to invest in India, where returns on investments are higher than in any other market.

Key sectors in India where foreign investors can invest

India has become a trillion dollar economy with a self-sufficient agricultural sector, a varied industrial base and a well-established financial and services sector. There are numerous sectors that offer lucrative business opportunities in India. Some of the key investment sectors are:

  • Aerospace & Defence
  • Automotive
  • Banking
  • Biotechnology
  • Information Technology
  • Insurance
  • Power
  • Real Estate
  • Retail
  • Telecommunications

Government Initiatives in supporting business investments opportunities in India

In order to enable investors to have the complete benefit of available business opportunities in India, the Government of India has taken following initiatives:

  • The Government of India has relaxed in expense ratios for mutual funds and the prospects of higher FDI limits in insurance sectors could unlock huge opportunities in these investment sectors.
  • The Government has allowed Qualified Foreign Investors (QFIs) ó individuals, groups or associations ó to invest directly in Indian equities and bond markets.
  • To encourage the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs), the Government of Tamil Nadu (TN) has announced a special component package, which includes creation of an additional land bank for setting up new industrial estates in the state, increase in subsidy for machinery purchases and creation of a single window clearance committee to facilitate speedy approvals for industrial estates, said Ms J Jayalalithaa, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (TN).

Investment facilitation in India

The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs in partnership with Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has set up an Overseas Indian Facilitation Centre (OIFC) as a not-for-profit-trust, to facilitate non-resident Indians (NRIs), overseas corporate bodies of overseas Indians and non-resident Indians who want to invest in India.

In order to ease the process for foreign investors to invest in India, OIFC has developed an online toolkit – Investment Guide to India. The toolkit serves as a simple, practical and stage-wise investment guide for the non-resident Indians wanting to invest in India.

Investment opportunities in Indian states

India is one of the oldest civilisations in the world with diverse cultural heritage. It is divided into twenty eight States and seven Union Territories (UT). Each and every Indian states and UTs has a unique demography, history, language etc. which provides various investment opportunities. These states/UTs are blessed with large number of tourist places – beautiful landscapes, wildlife and forests, hills, plateaus, valleys, monuments, forts, palaces, temples, etc. Tourism is the major source for investments in Kerala.

States and UTs of India are also gifted with distinct inherent strengths – from abundant supply of mineral resources and large forest reserves to the availability of good fertile lands, which are suitable for growing variety of agricultural and horticultural crops.

Several global majors are present in these States which brings large investments into the country. These companies/ industries are confined to iron and steel, cement, textiles, agro-processing, mineral-based industries, drugs and pharmaceuticals, chemicals, electronics, automobiles, etc. Pharmaceuticals and automobiles are the major source of investments in Gujarat.

Information technology (IT) is now being recognized as an essential part of the economy by the various State Governments, thereby attracting new players into the market. IT revolution is committed to provide good governance that ensures transparency, reduction in transaction costs, efficiency and citizen centric delivery of public services. Therefore, the Government is making all efforts to facilitate the growth of such industries and promote overall development of the economy.

Major investment states of India

Haryana: Due to its strategic location, Haryana has been recognised as a business-friendly State. Panipat, Rohtak, Gurgaon, Faridabad and Sonepat have a special potential for accelerated socio-economic development. Land and water are the important resources of the State, making it an agriculturally rich State. Large number of food grains and horticultural crops are produced, by using available irrigation facilities.

Kerala: The State of Kerala constitutes one of the most advanced society of the country. Its literacy rate is the highest among the Indian States. The State has several advantageous features – pro-active administrative set up, simple and transparent procedures for investment, rich natural resource base, educated and hardworking manpower, including the highest density of science and technology personnel, etc. The Government has taken several policy measures and incentives for attracting investments in Kerala.

Punjab: Punjab is a land of numerous opportunities which are embedded in its advantageous position. These include:

  • Simple and responsive administrative set-up
  • Educated and professional work force with abundance of skilled workers
  • Strong agricultural and industrial base
  • Efficient infrastructural set up including transportation, telecommunication, stable and cheap power

Gujarat: Gujarat is the leading industrialized State of India. It houses a number of multinational corporations, private sector companies, public sector enterprises and a large number of medium and small scale units. It is a manufacturing powerhouse with world-class production capabilities. Textiles, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals are some of the few sectors which attracts investment in Gujarat. The State is also known for its entrepreneurial spirit as well as robust social and physical infrastructure.

Andhra Pradesh: Andhra Pradesh is the resourceful land of minerals which includes coal, oil and natural gas, bauxite, limestone, gold, diamonds and much more. It is an agriculturally-prosperous State, endowed with fertile land, water and conducive agro-climatic conditions. It is among the largest producers of food grains, fruits, vegetables, cotton, maize, dairy and poultry products in the country.

June 3, 2013

Growth of tourism in India

Tourism refers to the activity of visitors. A visitor is a traveler taking a trip to a main destination outside his/her usual environment for less than a year, for any main purpose (business, leisure or other personal purpose) other than to be employed by a resident entity in the country or place visited, according to UN World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO).

Tourism is an important social and economic phenomenon in many countries. It is a key driver of socio-economic progress through the creation of jobs and enterprises, infrastructure development and the export revenues earned.

Indian tourism industry

Compared to many countries, Indian service industry has the advantages of possessing a rich and diverse range of unique tangible and intangible cultural, natural and man-made tourism resources, many of which are world class in quality. India’s great competitive strength from tourism point of view is its ancient and yet living civilization that gave rise to four of the world’s great religions and philosophies, and brought travelers and trade millennia ago. The rich natural and rural landscape of India is punctuated with the built heritage of its ancient past and modern structures. India’s contacts with other civilisations is reflected in the rich cultural diversity of its people through its languages, cuisine, traditions, customs, music, dance, religions practices and festivals, its holistic healing traditions, art and craft.

Overview of Indian tourism sector

Today, tourism is the most vibrant among the Indian service industry and has a strong hold on the economy. The sector contributes 6.23 per cent to the national gross domestic product (GDP) and 8.78 per cent of the total employment in India. Moreover, India stands 42nd in the world rankings in terms of foreign tourist arrivals (FTAs) in the country, according to a report titled ‘Competitiveness of Tourism Sector in India with Selected Other Countries of the World’ by Ministry of Tourism. The World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) named India as one of the fastest growing tourism industries for the next 10 to 15 years.

FTAs have shown a growth of 2.8 per cent in March 2013 over March 2012 while the growth rate in Foreign Exchange Earnings (FEEs) from tourism in India stood at 21 per cent over the same period.

The Visa on Arrival (VoA) Scheme of the Government of India has registered a growth of 63 per cent during March 2013. A total number of 2,107 VoAs were issued last month as compared to 1,287 VoAs issued in March 2012.

Investment options in Indian tourism industry

Strong growth in per capita income in the country is driving tourism in India. A shift in demographics with rising young population (coupled with changing lifestyles) is leading to greater expenditure on leisure services. The tourism policy of Government of India aims at speedy implementation of tourism projects, development of integrated tourism circuits, special capacity building in the hospitality sector and new marketing strategies.

May 16, 2013

Business Incubation in India

Indian market today is reshaping the world’s economy. India’s gross domestic product (GDP) has crossed the trillion dollar mark in 2007 and is currently in 4th position (PPP) after US, China and Japan. Investment in almost every sector (Education, Food, Energy, Health Care and Retail) of the Indian economy has a promise of high returns that has caught the attention of investors and businesses across the world.

India offers a stable, prosperous foundation to grow one’s business. It offers rich business opportunities and markets to non-resident Indians (NRIs) for new products and services. It is one of the fastest, easiest and lucrative investment destinations in the world to set up business. India is the second-most profitable destination, according to UNCTAD’s World Investment Prospects Survey 2010-2012.

Business Incubation in India

Business incubation is a dynamic process of business development. Business incubators are programs designed to accelerate the successful development of entrepreneurial companies through an array of business support resources and services, developed and orchestrated by incubator management and offered both in the incubator and through its network of contacts. Successful completion of a business incubation program increases the likelihood that a start-up company will stay in business for the long term.

Incubators usually also offer companies rental space with flexible leases, shared basic office services and access to equipment all under one roof.

Overseas Indians who wish to enter a business incubation program must apply for admission. Acceptance criteria vary from program to program, but in general only those with feasible business ideas and a workable business plan are admitted.

Startup Incubation Centers in India

Startup Incubation holds significant importance in a country like India where entrepreneurs by the score are launching new setups and changing the game of business by minutes. For the uninitiated, business incubation programs or centers provide support functions, mentorship and resources to individual entrepreneurs or entrepreneurial setups. This enables them to get all the expert advice and technical guidance that they need to survive for a longer time, unlike most other entrepreneurial ventures that fizzle out within a few months of their launch.

Almost every other prestigious B-school today houses an incubation center so that business opportunities can be nurtured from their very source. Currently there are about 100 incubation centers supported by the Indian STEP and Business Incubator Association (ISBA) which is the apex Indian professional body supporting business incubators. Private incubators are a handful, but gradually growing. These numbers are expected to double within the next two years. Some of the good business incubation centers in India:

  • Centre for Innovation, Incubation and Entrepreneurship (CIIE), IIM Ahmedabad
  • AngelPrime
  • Indian Angel Network (IAN)
  • Technopark Technology Business Incubator (T-TBI)

Long term projects are projects of national importance that will help in India’s development. These platform showcase investment opportunities in projects that require funding and will also help you to contact relevant institutions undertaking the projects. This information will be updated regularly to generate fresh investment opportunities for the overseas Indians.

Attractive investment opportunities for NRIs in India

“India is clearly becoming a more and more important player on the world stage in G20 context, in terms of its role in the global economy. It is very useful for us to exchange ideas and build the basis for future collaboration,” according to Mr Ben Bernanke, Chairman, US Federal Reserve.

India is the fifth best country in the world for dynamic growing businesses, according to the Grant Thornton Global Dynamism Index. The index gives a reflection of how suitable an environment it offers for dynamic businesses.

In addition, India’s economic confidence registered an increase of 8 points, to reach 68 per cent in August 2012 as compared to the previous month, according to the ‘Ipsos Economic Pulse of the World’ survey. This makes India the fourth most economically confident country in the world.

India is also expected to be the second largest manufacturing country in the next five years, followed by Brazil as the third ranked country, as per Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd (Deloitte).

The Government of India has relaxed foreign direct investment (FDI) regime in sectors including multi-brand retail, single-brand retail, commodity exchanges, power exchanges, broadcasting, non-banking financial institutions (NBFCs) and asset reconstruction companies (ARCs) in 2012 to attract more and more direct investments.

Business Opportunities in India

Mr Mahmood Al Hashemi, Director General of Ajman Free Zone Authority (AFZA), UAE will tour India and address a series of seminars and press conferences in Mumbai, Delhi and Ahmedabad this month. This high profile visit to the Indian sub-continent will be to initiate and build a long and lucrative means of economic cooperation between the two countries.

This will provide huge opportunity to young entrepreneurs doing business in India.

Here’s a list of 5 good opportunities non-resident Indians (NRIs) can look at:

  • Software: India’s software and services exports are likely to rise with export revenue growth projected at 13 to 15 per cent. With one of the largest pool of software engineers, NRIs can set higher targets in hardware and software development
  • Tourism: Tourism is a booming industry in India. With the number of domestic and international tourists rising every year, this is one hot sector NRIs must focus on. India with its diverse culture and rich heritage has a lot to offer to foreign tourists. Beaches, hill stations, heritage sites, wildlife and rural life, India has everything tourists are looking for
  • Automobile: India is now a hot spot for automobiles and auto-components. A cost-effective hub for auto components sourcing for global auto makers, the automotive sector is potential business in India for foreign investors
  • Textiles: India is famous for its textiles. Each state has its unique style in terms of apparels. India can grow as a preferred location for manufacturing textiles taking into account the huge demand for garments. Places like Tirupur and Ludhiana are now export hubs for textiles. A better understanding of the markets and customers’ needs can boost growth in this sector and attract direct investments
  • Education and Training: There is a good demand for education and online tutorial services. With good facilities at competitive rates, India can attract more students from abroad. Unique teaching methods, educational portals and tools can be used effectively to make the sector useful and interesting

May 3, 2013

Scenario of pharmaceutical market in India

The pharmaceutical industry in India is most progressive and advanced among all the developed and developing countries. The industry has provided great employment opportunities to thousands of people, apart from contributing greatly towards the Indian economy.

Today, India is among the top five pharmaceutical emerging markets in the world. The market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14-17 per cent over 2012-16. The total revenues of the market stood at US$ 11 billion and are estimated to be US$ 74 billion by 2020.

Growth in the sector

  • Pharma sector in India is growing at a rapid pace, marked by a number of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) and growth in foreign expenditure. The sector is going to be a major area of focus in the coming years as Indian medicines are increasingly becoming popular in many parts of the world because of the cost effectiveness and easy availability. The manufacturing cost of Indian pharma companies is up to 65 per cent lower than that of US firms and almost half of that of the European manufacturers.
  • The domestic pharmaceutical market is expected to register a strong double-digit growth of 13-14 per cent in 2013 on back of increasing sales of generic medicines, continued growth in chronic therapies and a greater penetration in rural markets.
  • The growth of healthcare sector also provides huge opportunities for investing in India’s pharma space. The growing network of private and public hospitals in the country generates a huge demand for industrial cleaning equipment, waste management, hygiene products and laundry solutions.

Pharmaceutical exports

The Ministry of Commerce has targeted Indian pharma sector exports of US$ 25 billion by 2014 at an annual growth rate of 25 per cent.

Last year, the industry registered exports of US$ 13 billion at a growth rate of 30 per cent, as per Dr P.V. Appaji, Director-General, Pharmaceutical Exports Council of India (Pharmexcil). The Government has also planned a ‘Pharma India’ brand promotion action plan spanning over a three-year period to give an impetus to generic exports.

FDI inflows

The cumulative drugs and pharmaceuticals industry in India attracted foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows worth US$ 10,308.75 million during April 2000 to February 2013, according to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP)

Recent initiatives

The Department of Pharmaceuticals has prepared a ‘Pharma Vision 2020’ document for making India one of the leading destinations for end-to-end drug discovery and innovation and for that purpose, the department provides requisite support by way of world class infrastructure, internationally competitive scientific manpower for pharma research and development (R&D), venture fund for research in the public and private domain and such other measures.

Pharmexcil has removed the need for overseas investors to get a no-objection from their joint venture (JV) partner before venturing out on their own or roping in another local firm. This will promote the competitiveness of India as an investment destination and be instrumental in attracting higher levels of FDI and technology inflows into the country.

FDI policies

  • FDI, up to 100 per cent, under the automatic route, is permitted for green field investments (when a company establishes a subsidiary in a new country and starts its own production) in pharmaceutical sector in India
  • FDI, up to 100 per cent, under the government approval route, is permitted for brown field investments (when company purchases an existing plant or firm, rather than construction of a new plant)

Investment options in Indian education sector

Education is the vital key for modernization. The importance of education can be realized from the fact that all modernized societies are emphasizing on universalization of education as a mode for sustained economic development. There is a huge demand for upgradation of education sector in India, as the country is expected to have a surplus of 47 million people in the working age group by 2020. The consumption trends predict that an urban India is spending nine per cent of his wallet on education while the rural consumer spends only six per cent.

Education in India

In the past few years Indian education sector has witnessed a series of changes, which resulted in a significant increase in market share of the education industry. With economic growth and enhanced technology it has become necessary to develop the Indian education sector. Funds are a major concern in the market to meet this demand. The Government of India has taken many initiatives to attract investments from non-resident Indians (NRIs) for the development of education infrastructure. The Government has also opened the doors for foreign universities by passing Foreign Educational Institution (Regulation of Entry and Operation) Bill, which will help in bringing foreign investments in education in India and shaping the education industry structure specially pertaining to higher education.

Growth drivers of Indian education sector

  • Demographic advantage
    • As per Census 2011, 35.3 per cent of the Indian population is under the age of 14
  • Increasing awareness
    • Increase in awareness towards education as a priority and essential tool for career growth
    • Increase in job opportunities and salaries offered making investment in education in India prudent
  • Human Resource driven economy
    • Increase in the demand for an educated skilled workforce by services sector
    • Share of service sector in GDP increased from 30% in 1950 to 55% in 2007
  • Technology aided delivery
    • Increase in penetration of technology resulting in virtual learning and education delivery
  • New employment avenues
    • Newer employment avenues such as knowledge process outsourcing (KPO), legal process outsourcing (LPO), retail, aviation, animation etc. demanding highly skilled manpower

Investment opportunities in Indian education sector

Education sector in India is also considered as one of the major areas for investments, as the entire education system is going through a process of renovation, according to a report ‘Emerging Opportunities for Private and Foreign Participants in Higher Education’ by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).

The Government of India has allowed foreign direct Investment (FDI) up to 100 per cent through the automatic route in the education sector.

According to the ‘Indian Higher Education – Real Estate’s New Emerging Sector’, a study by real estate consulting firm, DTZ, the Indian higher education sector needs 5,550 million sq ft of additional educational space (excluding support services like hostel, cafeteria, recreational facilities) to meet the Government of India’s 30 per cent Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) in higher education target by 2020.

The sky rocketing economic growth will require huge number of engineers and management graduates which mandate infrastructural development to address the demand. Entry of foreign universities would not only intensify the competition, but also provide an international platform to the Indian students where they can achieve quality learning.

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