Investment Opportunities in India

May 16, 2013

Business Incubation in India

Indian market today is reshaping the world’s economy. India’s gross domestic product (GDP) has crossed the trillion dollar mark in 2007 and is currently in 4th position (PPP) after US, China and Japan. Investment in almost every sector (Education, Food, Energy, Health Care and Retail) of the Indian economy has a promise of high returns that has caught the attention of investors and businesses across the world.

India offers a stable, prosperous foundation to grow one’s business. It offers rich business opportunities and markets to non-resident Indians (NRIs) for new products and services. It is one of the fastest, easiest and lucrative investment destinations in the world to set up business. India is the second-most profitable destination, according to UNCTAD’s World Investment Prospects Survey 2010-2012.

Business Incubation in India

Business incubation is a dynamic process of business development. Business incubators are programs designed to accelerate the successful development of entrepreneurial companies through an array of business support resources and services, developed and orchestrated by incubator management and offered both in the incubator and through its network of contacts. Successful completion of a business incubation program increases the likelihood that a start-up company will stay in business for the long term.

Incubators usually also offer companies rental space with flexible leases, shared basic office services and access to equipment all under one roof.

Overseas Indians who wish to enter a business incubation program must apply for admission. Acceptance criteria vary from program to program, but in general only those with feasible business ideas and a workable business plan are admitted.

Startup Incubation Centers in India

Startup Incubation holds significant importance in a country like India where entrepreneurs by the score are launching new setups and changing the game of business by minutes. For the uninitiated, business incubation programs or centers provide support functions, mentorship and resources to individual entrepreneurs or entrepreneurial setups. This enables them to get all the expert advice and technical guidance that they need to survive for a longer time, unlike most other entrepreneurial ventures that fizzle out within a few months of their launch.

Almost every other prestigious B-school today houses an incubation center so that business opportunities can be nurtured from their very source. Currently there are about 100 incubation centers supported by the Indian STEP and Business Incubator Association (ISBA) which is the apex Indian professional body supporting business incubators. Private incubators are a handful, but gradually growing. These numbers are expected to double within the next two years. Some of the good business incubation centers in India:

  • Centre for Innovation, Incubation and Entrepreneurship (CIIE), IIM Ahmedabad
  • AngelPrime
  • Indian Angel Network (IAN)
  • Technopark Technology Business Incubator (T-TBI)

Long term projects are projects of national importance that will help in India’s development. These platform showcase investment opportunities in projects that require funding and will also help you to contact relevant institutions undertaking the projects. This information will be updated regularly to generate fresh investment opportunities for the overseas Indians.

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Attractive investment opportunities for NRIs in India

“India is clearly becoming a more and more important player on the world stage in G20 context, in terms of its role in the global economy. It is very useful for us to exchange ideas and build the basis for future collaboration,” according to Mr Ben Bernanke, Chairman, US Federal Reserve.

India is the fifth best country in the world for dynamic growing businesses, according to the Grant Thornton Global Dynamism Index. The index gives a reflection of how suitable an environment it offers for dynamic businesses.

In addition, India’s economic confidence registered an increase of 8 points, to reach 68 per cent in August 2012 as compared to the previous month, according to the ‘Ipsos Economic Pulse of the World’ survey. This makes India the fourth most economically confident country in the world.

India is also expected to be the second largest manufacturing country in the next five years, followed by Brazil as the third ranked country, as per Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd (Deloitte).

The Government of India has relaxed foreign direct investment (FDI) regime in sectors including multi-brand retail, single-brand retail, commodity exchanges, power exchanges, broadcasting, non-banking financial institutions (NBFCs) and asset reconstruction companies (ARCs) in 2012 to attract more and more direct investments.

Business Opportunities in India

Mr Mahmood Al Hashemi, Director General of Ajman Free Zone Authority (AFZA), UAE will tour India and address a series of seminars and press conferences in Mumbai, Delhi and Ahmedabad this month. This high profile visit to the Indian sub-continent will be to initiate and build a long and lucrative means of economic cooperation between the two countries.

This will provide huge opportunity to young entrepreneurs doing business in India.

Here’s a list of 5 good opportunities non-resident Indians (NRIs) can look at:

  • Software: India’s software and services exports are likely to rise with export revenue growth projected at 13 to 15 per cent. With one of the largest pool of software engineers, NRIs can set higher targets in hardware and software development
  • Tourism: Tourism is a booming industry in India. With the number of domestic and international tourists rising every year, this is one hot sector NRIs must focus on. India with its diverse culture and rich heritage has a lot to offer to foreign tourists. Beaches, hill stations, heritage sites, wildlife and rural life, India has everything tourists are looking for
  • Automobile: India is now a hot spot for automobiles and auto-components. A cost-effective hub for auto components sourcing for global auto makers, the automotive sector is potential business in India for foreign investors
  • Textiles: India is famous for its textiles. Each state has its unique style in terms of apparels. India can grow as a preferred location for manufacturing textiles taking into account the huge demand for garments. Places like Tirupur and Ludhiana are now export hubs for textiles. A better understanding of the markets and customers’ needs can boost growth in this sector and attract direct investments
  • Education and Training: There is a good demand for education and online tutorial services. With good facilities at competitive rates, India can attract more students from abroad. Unique teaching methods, educational portals and tools can be used effectively to make the sector useful and interesting

May 3, 2013

Scenario of pharmaceutical market in India

The pharmaceutical industry in India is most progressive and advanced among all the developed and developing countries. The industry has provided great employment opportunities to thousands of people, apart from contributing greatly towards the Indian economy.

Today, India is among the top five pharmaceutical emerging markets in the world. The market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14-17 per cent over 2012-16. The total revenues of the market stood at US$ 11 billion and are estimated to be US$ 74 billion by 2020.

Growth in the sector

  • Pharma sector in India is growing at a rapid pace, marked by a number of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) and growth in foreign expenditure. The sector is going to be a major area of focus in the coming years as Indian medicines are increasingly becoming popular in many parts of the world because of the cost effectiveness and easy availability. The manufacturing cost of Indian pharma companies is up to 65 per cent lower than that of US firms and almost half of that of the European manufacturers.
  • The domestic pharmaceutical market is expected to register a strong double-digit growth of 13-14 per cent in 2013 on back of increasing sales of generic medicines, continued growth in chronic therapies and a greater penetration in rural markets.
  • The growth of healthcare sector also provides huge opportunities for investing in India’s pharma space. The growing network of private and public hospitals in the country generates a huge demand for industrial cleaning equipment, waste management, hygiene products and laundry solutions.

Pharmaceutical exports

The Ministry of Commerce has targeted Indian pharma sector exports of US$ 25 billion by 2014 at an annual growth rate of 25 per cent.

Last year, the industry registered exports of US$ 13 billion at a growth rate of 30 per cent, as per Dr P.V. Appaji, Director-General, Pharmaceutical Exports Council of India (Pharmexcil). The Government has also planned a ‘Pharma India’ brand promotion action plan spanning over a three-year period to give an impetus to generic exports.

FDI inflows

The cumulative drugs and pharmaceuticals industry in India attracted foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows worth US$ 10,308.75 million during April 2000 to February 2013, according to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP)

Recent initiatives

The Department of Pharmaceuticals has prepared a ‘Pharma Vision 2020’ document for making India one of the leading destinations for end-to-end drug discovery and innovation and for that purpose, the department provides requisite support by way of world class infrastructure, internationally competitive scientific manpower for pharma research and development (R&D), venture fund for research in the public and private domain and such other measures.

Pharmexcil has removed the need for overseas investors to get a no-objection from their joint venture (JV) partner before venturing out on their own or roping in another local firm. This will promote the competitiveness of India as an investment destination and be instrumental in attracting higher levels of FDI and technology inflows into the country.

FDI policies

  • FDI, up to 100 per cent, under the automatic route, is permitted for green field investments (when a company establishes a subsidiary in a new country and starts its own production) in pharmaceutical sector in India
  • FDI, up to 100 per cent, under the government approval route, is permitted for brown field investments (when company purchases an existing plant or firm, rather than construction of a new plant)

Investment options in Indian education sector

Education is the vital key for modernization. The importance of education can be realized from the fact that all modernized societies are emphasizing on universalization of education as a mode for sustained economic development. There is a huge demand for upgradation of education sector in India, as the country is expected to have a surplus of 47 million people in the working age group by 2020. The consumption trends predict that an urban India is spending nine per cent of his wallet on education while the rural consumer spends only six per cent.

Education in India

In the past few years Indian education sector has witnessed a series of changes, which resulted in a significant increase in market share of the education industry. With economic growth and enhanced technology it has become necessary to develop the Indian education sector. Funds are a major concern in the market to meet this demand. The Government of India has taken many initiatives to attract investments from non-resident Indians (NRIs) for the development of education infrastructure. The Government has also opened the doors for foreign universities by passing Foreign Educational Institution (Regulation of Entry and Operation) Bill, which will help in bringing foreign investments in education in India and shaping the education industry structure specially pertaining to higher education.

Growth drivers of Indian education sector

  • Demographic advantage
    • As per Census 2011, 35.3 per cent of the Indian population is under the age of 14
  • Increasing awareness
    • Increase in awareness towards education as a priority and essential tool for career growth
    • Increase in job opportunities and salaries offered making investment in education in India prudent
  • Human Resource driven economy
    • Increase in the demand for an educated skilled workforce by services sector
    • Share of service sector in GDP increased from 30% in 1950 to 55% in 2007
  • Technology aided delivery
    • Increase in penetration of technology resulting in virtual learning and education delivery
  • New employment avenues
    • Newer employment avenues such as knowledge process outsourcing (KPO), legal process outsourcing (LPO), retail, aviation, animation etc. demanding highly skilled manpower

Investment opportunities in Indian education sector

Education sector in India is also considered as one of the major areas for investments, as the entire education system is going through a process of renovation, according to a report ‘Emerging Opportunities for Private and Foreign Participants in Higher Education’ by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).

The Government of India has allowed foreign direct Investment (FDI) up to 100 per cent through the automatic route in the education sector.

According to the ‘Indian Higher Education – Real Estate’s New Emerging Sector’, a study by real estate consulting firm, DTZ, the Indian higher education sector needs 5,550 million sq ft of additional educational space (excluding support services like hostel, cafeteria, recreational facilities) to meet the Government of India’s 30 per cent Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) in higher education target by 2020.

The sky rocketing economic growth will require huge number of engineers and management graduates which mandate infrastructural development to address the demand. Entry of foreign universities would not only intensify the competition, but also provide an international platform to the Indian students where they can achieve quality learning.

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