Investment Opportunities in India

July 2, 2013

April 26, 2013

Investment opportunities for foreign investors in India

The Indian economy has continuously recorded high growth rates and become an attractive destination for investment. According to recent trends, India is only second to China in the league of favorite investment destinations. As the Indian economy is developing very fast, it has opened new avenues for people to start businesses.

Doing business in India is a profitable option as the majority of the industries and sectors are almost untapped and hence the fear of facing stiff competition is less. “Our economic and commercial relations are expanding. But there is still a lot of untapped potential that needs to be exploited, especially in sectors like agro-processing, manufacturing, pharmaceutical, medical equipment, seafood, automobile parts, tourism and hospitality, IT and IT-enabled services,” according to Anand Sharma, Minister of Commerce and Industry.

Investment sectors in India for NRIs

The sectors in which the non-resident Indian (NRI) can invest through the automatic route include agriculture, mining, alcohol brewing, power, industrial explosives, hazardous chemicals, drugs and pharmaceuticals, transport, insurance, industrial parks, non-banking financial institutions, etc. In some cases, the approval of the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) may be required. These include sectors like tea, infrastructural companies except telecom, publication of newspaper and periodicals, courier service and single brand product retailing.

The various sectors where NRI investments in India are prohibited include retail, atomic energy, lottery and gambling establishments, tobacco products, etc.

Investment environment in India

The Government of India is trying to accommodate and utilise the conducive investment climate of the country by relaxing and even introducing new policies. The change in government policy, availability of cheap resources, tax holidays, liberalisation of external commercial borrowing norms, etc. are the important reasons for increasing NRI investments in India.

NRIs are permitted to open bank accounts in India with funds remitted from abroad, foreign exchange brought in from abroad or with funds legitimately due to them in India, with authorised dealer.

Ways of investing in India

The foreign investors can invest in India in two ways:

  • Incorporation of an Indian company: The foreign investor can set up a separate legal entity in India under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The foreign investors can invest in such Indian company up to 100 per cent of capital based on sectoral guidelines specified by the Government of India.
  • Unincorporated entity: A foreign company can operate in India, by establishing a Branch Office of the other place of business (foreign entity), subject to conditions and activities permitted under the Foreign Exchange Management Regulations.

Investment Facilitation

The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs has set up an Overseas Indian Facilitation Centre (OIFC) as a not-for-profit-trust, in partnership with Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) to facilitate NRIs and overseas corporate bodies of overseas Indians which want to invest in India.

Further, in order to ease the process of investment in India, OIFC has developed an online toolkit– Investment Guide to India. The toolkit serves as a simple, practical and stage-wise investment guide for the non-resident Indians wanting to invest in India.

March 28, 2013

Booming Indian Economy offering huge investment options for NRIs

India’s economy is amongst the largest in the world on the basis of Purchasing Power Parity. It is today one of the most attractive destinations for business and investment opportunities with the available large manpower base, diversified natural resources and strong macroeconomic fundamentals. In FY 2011-12, the country attracted foreign direct investment (FDI) of around US$ 46.8 billion in various sectors.

The country’s strong fundamentals such as a growing middle class population, cost competitiveness and strong domestic consumption have made it a preferred destination for MNCs from across the world.

Being the world’s largest democracy with over 1.2 billion people means a plethora of business opportunities for its people. The country also offers innumerable investment opportunities for NRIs. Combined with young skilled manpower along with a well established judicial and stable government conducive to business, are all positive points towards India’s business potential.

Additionally, strong growth across diverse parameters like being the 2nd most attractive FDI destination, steady Infrastructure & GDP growth and being one of the largest economies of the world reinforce the strength of India’s economy. All this translates to the availability of new investment opportunities for NRIs in India spanning all sectors of the Indian economy.

Key Sectors

The various key investment sectors in India offering lucrative business opportunities are Aerospace & Defence, Automotive, Banking, Capital markets, Life Sciences, Information Technology, Insurance, Media & Entertainment, Mining & Metals, Oil and Gas, Ports, Power and Utilities, Real Estate, Retail and consumer products, Roads and highways, and Telecommunications.

Growth Potential in key sectors

Indian tax climate is considered to be reasonably favourable and India has continued to be an attractive investment destination, according to a survey conducted by Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd (Deloitte). The investment sectors in India are witnessing new heights in terms of contribution both from the domestic front as well as from the foreign land.

  • The pharmaceutical market of India is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14-17 per cent over 2012-16 and is now ranked among the top five pharmaceutical emerging markets globally
  • India’s IT and business process outsourcing (BPO) sector exports are expected to increase by 12-14 per cent in FY14 to touch US$ 84 billion – US$ 87 billion, as per National Association of Software and Services Companies (Nasscom)
  • Indian manufacturing and natural resources industry plans to spend Rs 40,800 crore (US$ 7.53 billion) on IT products and services in 2013, a growth of 9.1 per cent over 2012, according to Gartner. The telecommunications category remains the biggest spending category and it is forecast to reach Rs 13,200 crore (US$ 2.43 billion) in 2013
  • The electronic system design and manufacturing (ESDM) sector of India is projected to reach US$ 94.2 billion by 2015 from US$ 64.6 billion in 2011, according to a report by the India Semiconductor Association (ISA) and Frost & Sullivan
  • The luxury car market of India is set for growth over the medium and long term, according to Mr Philipp Von Sahr, President, BMW Group India. The market is about 30,000 cars a year and is rising steadily, Mr Sahr added

December 27, 2012

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