Investment Opportunities in India

April 26, 2013

Scenario of real estate sector in India

The Indian real estate sector has witnessed significant growth in the past few years and is expected to grow at the rate of 30 per cent in the coming years. The sector has emerged as one of the most appealing investment sectors for domestic as well as foreign investors.

The major factors responsible for growth in the sector are increasing purchasing power, favourable demographics, existence of customer friendly banks & housing finance companies, professionalism in real estate and favorable reforms initiated by the government to attract real estate investments.

Growth prospects

The Indian real estate market size is expected to touch US$ 180 billion by 2020. In fact, the demand is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 19 per cent between 2010 and 2014, with tier I metropolitan cities projected to account for about 40 per cent of this.

Investment opportunities

At present, investment trends in India are showing a huge number of NRIs investing in Indian real estate sector.

India needs to invest US$ 1.2 trillion over the next 20 years to modernise urban infrastructure and keep pace with the growing urbanisation, as per a report released by McKinsey Global Institute (MGI)-India’s urban awakening.

Growing infrastructure requirements from sectors such as education, healthcare and tourism are providing numerous opportunities in the sector. Further, India is going to produce an estimated two million new graduates from various Indian universities during the year, creating demand for 100 million square feet of office and industrial space. In addition, presence of a large number of Fortune 500 and other reputed companies will attract more companies to initiate their operational base in India, thus creating more demand for corporate space.

FDI in Indian real estate

Construction development sector (including townships, housing, built-up infrastructure & construction-development projects) has attracted a cumulative foreign direct investment (FDI) worth US$ 22,007.67 million from April 2000 to February 2013, according to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).

In addition, the sector is set for robust inflows of US$ 4-5 billion from overseas investors in the next couple of years, with Bangalore, Delhi and Mumbai emerging as the favourites, as per Jones Lang LaSalle, a global real estate consultancy giant.

Government initiatives in the sector

The Government of India (GOI) has allowed FDI up to 100 per cent under the automatic route in townships, housing, built-up infrastructure and construction development projects to increase real estate investment, generate economic activity, create new employment opportunities and add to the available housing stock and built-up infrastructure.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has granted permission to foreign citizens of Indian origin to purchase property in India for residential or commercial purposes. Further, the government is also committed to introducing FDI in multi brand retail, introduce changes in the existing SEZ policy to resurrect developer interest and expand the role of the private sector in infrastructure development.

Tax Advantages

People can avail huge tax benefits on investing in real estate:

  • Tax exemption is available on re-investment of sale proceeds of property in eligible possibilities
  • Tax benefit is available on interest on housing loan raised in India
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