Education is the vital key for modernization. The importance of education can be realized from the fact that all modernized societies are emphasizing on universalization of education as a mode for sustained economic development. There is a huge demand for upgradation of education sector in India, as the country is expected to have a surplus of 47 million people in the working age group by 2020. The consumption trends predict that an urban India is spending nine per cent of his wallet on education while the rural consumer spends only six per cent.
Education in India
In the past few years Indian education sector has witnessed a series of changes, which resulted in a significant increase in market share of the education industry. With economic growth and enhanced technology it has become necessary to develop the Indian education sector. Funds are a major concern in the market to meet this demand. The Government of India has taken many initiatives to attract investments from non-resident Indians (NRIs) for the development of education infrastructure. The Government has also opened the doors for foreign universities by passing Foreign Educational Institution (Regulation of Entry and Operation) Bill, which will help in bringing foreign investments in education in India and shaping the education industry structure specially pertaining to higher education.
Growth drivers of Indian education sector
- Demographic advantage
- As per Census 2011, 35.3 per cent of the Indian population is under the age of 14
- Increasing awareness
- Increase in awareness towards education as a priority and essential tool for career growth
- Increase in job opportunities and salaries offered making investment in education in India prudent
- Human Resource driven economy
- Increase in the demand for an educated skilled workforce by services sector
- Share of service sector in GDP increased from 30% in 1950 to 55% in 2007
- Technology aided delivery
- Increase in penetration of technology resulting in virtual learning and education delivery
- New employment avenues
- Newer employment avenues such as knowledge process outsourcing (KPO), legal process outsourcing (LPO), retail, aviation, animation etc. demanding highly skilled manpower
Investment opportunities in Indian education sector
Education sector in India is also considered as one of the major areas for investments, as the entire education system is going through a process of renovation, according to a report ‘Emerging Opportunities for Private and Foreign Participants in Higher Education’ by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).
The Government of India has allowed foreign direct Investment (FDI) up to 100 per cent through the automatic route in the education sector.
According to the ‘Indian Higher Education – Real Estate’s New Emerging Sector’, a study by real estate consulting firm, DTZ, the Indian higher education sector needs 5,550 million sq ft of additional educational space (excluding support services like hostel, cafeteria, recreational facilities) to meet the Government of India’s 30 per cent Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) in higher education target by 2020.
The sky rocketing economic growth will require huge number of engineers and management graduates which mandate infrastructural development to address the demand. Entry of foreign universities would not only intensify the competition, but also provide an international platform to the Indian students where they can achieve quality learning.