Investment Opportunities in India

June 3, 2013

March 28, 2013

Growing prospects in Indian electronics industry

The growing sales figure for the consumer electronic goods, a flourishing telecom/networking market and noteworthy growth in the use of portable/wireless products are some of the significant trends observed in India at present and they are providing stimulus to the growth of the electronics design industry to a greater scale.

India has a well-developed electronics design industry, with 120 design units and is ranked the second among the US, the UK, Germany, Sweden, China, Taiwan and Israel in terms of design revenues.

Electronics is essential for setting up technology infrastructure, and semiconductors are the main component of electronics products. Electronics sales in India, which totalled US$ 40.7 billion in 2009, will touch US$ 400 billion by 2020. At present, local manufacturing accounts for about 40 per cent of consumption and it could increase to 80 per cent by 2020.

The key drivers for the electronics market in India include telecom infrastructure equipment, wireless handsets, notebooks and other IT and office automation products, set-top boxes and smart cards. Growth sectors including health care equipment, automotive, consumer goods and industrial goods—all of which increasingly use electronics—are also expected to boost electronics consumption in India and open up more investments opportunities for non-resident Indians (NRI).

Investment options in electronics industry of India

In India, after Bangalore, Noida has become a hub for electronics design industry with many major players setting up their offices and research and development (R&D) centres in the city. Global MNCs such as Freescale, Mentor Graphics and Interra Systems are some of the major companies in Noida.

The Government of India is continuously making efforts to boost Indian electronics industry and is attracting foreign and local players to invest in electronics sector of the country. For the purpose, the Government has set up an Empowered Committee that would invite a preliminary Expression of Interest (EoI) from potential technology providers and investors.

100 per cent FDI in India under the automatic route is allowed in semiconductor fabrication to promote electronics manufacturing in India.

The Union Cabinet has approved a proposal to offer financial assistance for the development of electronics manufacturing clusters (EMCs), to aid the growth of the Electronic System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) sector in India. The scheme is expected to help flow of investment for development of the ESDM sector.

The Government is also formulating a special incentive package to encourage local manufacturing of electronic goods. The package includes reimbursement of indirect taxes, and a subsidy of 20 per cent on capital expenditure made by high-tech manufacturers in special economic zone (SEZ) units.

Future of Indian electronics sector

The growing tablet market; increasing notebook penetration coupled with widespread demand for flash memory and desktops from e-Governance programmes will drive the growth of the Indian semiconductor market.

“Semiconductors and electronics are at the heart of technology driven products that will drive the US$ 400 billion Indian electronics market by 2020. ISA is committed to working with all the stake-holders from industry, academia and government to enable the eco-system that will convert this opportunity into reality,” as per Dr Pradip K Dutta, Chairman ISA and Corporate Vice-President & Managing Director, Synopsys India.

FDI in India in the electronics sector is very crucial for the development of the IT and the ITES sector in India.

The robust growth in the Indian semiconductor design industry has opened up a lot of opportunities to invest in electronics sector of India.

Booming Indian Economy offering huge investment options for NRIs

India’s economy is amongst the largest in the world on the basis of Purchasing Power Parity. It is today one of the most attractive destinations for business and investment opportunities with the available large manpower base, diversified natural resources and strong macroeconomic fundamentals. In FY 2011-12, the country attracted foreign direct investment (FDI) of around US$ 46.8 billion in various sectors.

The country’s strong fundamentals such as a growing middle class population, cost competitiveness and strong domestic consumption have made it a preferred destination for MNCs from across the world.

Being the world’s largest democracy with over 1.2 billion people means a plethora of business opportunities for its people. The country also offers innumerable investment opportunities for NRIs. Combined with young skilled manpower along with a well established judicial and stable government conducive to business, are all positive points towards India’s business potential.

Additionally, strong growth across diverse parameters like being the 2nd most attractive FDI destination, steady Infrastructure & GDP growth and being one of the largest economies of the world reinforce the strength of India’s economy. All this translates to the availability of new investment opportunities for NRIs in India spanning all sectors of the Indian economy.

Key Sectors

The various key investment sectors in India offering lucrative business opportunities are Aerospace & Defence, Automotive, Banking, Capital markets, Life Sciences, Information Technology, Insurance, Media & Entertainment, Mining & Metals, Oil and Gas, Ports, Power and Utilities, Real Estate, Retail and consumer products, Roads and highways, and Telecommunications.

Growth Potential in key sectors

Indian tax climate is considered to be reasonably favourable and India has continued to be an attractive investment destination, according to a survey conducted by Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd (Deloitte). The investment sectors in India are witnessing new heights in terms of contribution both from the domestic front as well as from the foreign land.

  • The pharmaceutical market of India is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14-17 per cent over 2012-16 and is now ranked among the top five pharmaceutical emerging markets globally
  • India’s IT and business process outsourcing (BPO) sector exports are expected to increase by 12-14 per cent in FY14 to touch US$ 84 billion – US$ 87 billion, as per National Association of Software and Services Companies (Nasscom)
  • Indian manufacturing and natural resources industry plans to spend Rs 40,800 crore (US$ 7.53 billion) on IT products and services in 2013, a growth of 9.1 per cent over 2012, according to Gartner. The telecommunications category remains the biggest spending category and it is forecast to reach Rs 13,200 crore (US$ 2.43 billion) in 2013
  • The electronic system design and manufacturing (ESDM) sector of India is projected to reach US$ 94.2 billion by 2015 from US$ 64.6 billion in 2011, according to a report by the India Semiconductor Association (ISA) and Frost & Sullivan
  • The luxury car market of India is set for growth over the medium and long term, according to Mr Philipp Von Sahr, President, BMW Group India. The market is about 30,000 cars a year and is rising steadily, Mr Sahr added

March 20, 2013

Indian retail market opened more doors for NRIs

The recent wave of reforms by the Government to incentivise foreign direct investment (FDI) in various sectors is bringing a new zeal to the investment options in India. One of the most debated reforms is the policy for allowing 51 per cent FDI in multi brand retail.

Retail Market in India

The Indian retail industry has experienced growth of 10.6 per cent between 2010 and 2012 and is expected to increase to US$ 750-850 billion by 2015. Food and Grocery is the largest category within the retail sector with 60 per cent share followed by Apparel and Mobile segment.

Within the organised retail sector, Apparel is the largest segment. “Food and Grocery” and “Mobile and telecom” are the other major contributors to this segment.

Evolution of the FDI policy in multi brand retail

The Government of India had been considering opening up the multi brand retail sector to FDI for some time. They had released a discussion paper in 2010 on the topic and had extensively gathered public, academic and industry views on the issue. In November 2011, the Government came out with its proposal for the new FDI policy. However, unable to achieve political consensus on the issue, they had to shelve their plans for the enactment of the policy. Finally, the Government decided to pass the new FDI policy on multi brand retail in September 2012 to increase investment options in India.

The FEMA notification issued by the Reserve Bank of India permitting FDI in the retail sector was laid before the Houses of Parliament and the same has been cleared without any modification.

The changes in some of the policy conditions indicates government intention to attract more NRIs to invest in retail sector of India and provide a window to foreign retailers to cultivate/ grow the SME segment.

Policy Implications

The FDI policy conditions will have a different impact on the various sub-segments of the retail industry in India. A policy condition might have a low impact in one segment but could be a major stumbling block for another segment. Implications of each FDI policy condition in Mass Grocery, Apparel and specialty stores such as Beauty & Wellness and Consumer Electronics are:

  • Minimum FDI of US$ 100 million: Minimum FDI of USD 100 million and a constraint of maximum 51 per cent stake of the foreign entity imply that the minimum investment required by both, the foreign and the Indian partner together, is more than Rs 1000 crore
  • 50 per cent of FDI in backend infrastructure in three years: Minimum investment of Rs 220 crore-Rs 250 crore is to be invested in backend infrastructure in the first three years to invest in retail sector of India. However, different retail segments have dynamic requirements of backend infrastructure
  • 30 per cent of sourcing from “small” industries: This policy constraint implies that retailers should have at least 30 per cent sales from private label brands or unbranded products sourced from small industries

Policy conditions of 50 per cent investment in backend and 30 per cent sourcing from small industries are the two most difficult conditions to be met for FDI in multi brand specialty retail such as Consumer Electronics, Beauty & Wellness etc.

Investments options for NRIs in Indian infrastructure sector

Infrastructure development in India has contributed majorly in the country’s economic transformation and growth during the last decade. Roads, ports, railways and power are key segments of the infrastructure sector. Some of the key facts related to the same are –

  • Indian Shipping segment, with 187 minor ports and 13 major ports, is spread across nine maritime states
  • The Indian Railways network is spread over some 64, 000 km, with 12, 000 passenger and 7, 000 freight trains plying each day from 7, 083 stations carrying around 23 million travellers and 2.65 million tonnes (MT) of goods daily
  • Indian road network is the second largest in the world with a total length of 4.1 million kilometres (km)

Investment Opportunities for NRIs

Overseas investors looking for high return on investments are going to target Indian infrastructure companies in the coming years, says a report by research agency Preqin. As per the study, India is attracting the highest number of unlisted, closed-end funds that focus on a single country, making it the most preferred choice among the business investors. India is expected to require around US$ 1 trillion worth of infrastructure investment over the next five years

Non-resident Indians (NRIs) investing in India can choose from sub-sectors such as power, telecom, roads and ports. The Preqin report says 74 per cent of India-focused funds will invest in greenfield projects, 84 per cent in brownfield assets, and 42 per cent will buy out the stakes of other PE funds.

Investments Policy Updates

  • FDI up to 100 per cent under the automatic route is permitted in exploration activities of oil and natural gas fields, infrastructure related to marketing of petroleum products, actual trading and marketing of petroleum products, petroleum product pipelines, natural gas/LNG pipelines, market study and formulation and Petroleum refining in the private sector. This will be subject to the existing sectoral policy and regulatory framework in the oil marketing sector and the policy of the Government on private participation in exploration of oil and the discovered fields of national oil companies
  • FDI up to 49 per cent is permitted under the Government route in petroleum refining by the Public Sector Undertakings (PSU)
  • FDI up to 100 per cent under the automatic route is allowed both in setting up new and in established industrial parks from overseas investors

Recent Investments in Indian Infrastructure Industry

  • IVRCL Ltd has entered into an MoU with the Haryana Government for the development of Rai Malikapur-Kharak road corridor which would cover a stretch of 151 km of Rai Malikapur close to the Rajasthan border up to Kharak corridor and enhance the north-south connectivity. The Rs 1, 605 crore (US$ 292.23 million) project will take about 30 months to execute
  • Indian Railways has recently launched an application namely RailRadar which envisages an interactive map to allow users to track train movements on real-time basis. Such an application has been launched for the first time in India, wherein any of the public transport system can be tracked on the internet and mobile

Future of Indian Infrastructure

India is betting high on business investors in infrastructure as the Government hopes that the private sector, through public-private partnerships (PPP), will invest US$ 350-400 billion in infrastructure sectors (like roads, ports, railways and airports) between 2012 and 2017.

December 27, 2012

NRI Investment options in Indian education sector

India has emerged as a strong potential market for investments in training and education sector, due to its favourable demographics (young population) and being a services-driven economy. Further, India’s expanding role in sectors such as software development, generic pharmaceuticals and healthcare, would require the country to invest into learning and training segment as well.

Market size of education sector in India

With a growth rate of 10 to 15 per cent expected over the next decade, education in India has witnessed a series of developments and changes in the last few years, which has resulted in a significant increase in the market size and investment opportunities as compared to previous years.

In India, the pre-school segment is currently worth US$ 750 million and is expected to reach US$ 1 billion by 2012, said Arun Arora, Chairman, Serra International Pre-Schools.

The market size of K-12 sector is expected to reach US$ 34 billion in 2012, with a rise of 14 per cent, as compared to US$ 20 billion in 2008.

Vocational education/training is gathering huge investments from corporate and private equity (PE) firms as the methodology and technology pertaining to this sector is witnessing significant improvements.

Investment in Indian education sector

Education in India is also considered as one of the major areas for investments as the entire education system is going through a process of renovation, according to a report ‘Emerging Opportunities for Private and Foreign Participants in Higher Education’ by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).

The Government of India has allowed foreign direct Investment (FDI) up to 100 per cent through the automatic route in the education sector.

Government Initiatives for promoting education sector in India

Some of the initiatives taken by the Government of India for infrastructural development of education sector are as follows:

  • The Ministry of Human Resource Development plans to set up ten community colleges in collaboration with the Government of Canada in 2012. The Government of India has decided to set up hundred community colleges this year.
  • The Government of Gujarat plans to set up a farming educational institute in collaboration with Israel, offering post-graduation and Ph.D programmes with practical training and degree from Israeli universities.
  • The Government of India also plans to set up an Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology at Ranchi with investments of Rs 287.50 crore.

Future of Indian education sector

Consulting firm Technopak is very positive about the growth of the sector and estimates private education sector alone to grow to US$ 70 billion by 2013 and US$ 115 billion by 2018 in its study ‘A Report Card on India’s Education Sector’.

There are clear investment opportunities for private players to enter the Indian education space. The opportunity exists in all three segments – schooling, higher education and vocational training. Some success stories are Manipal University, Amity University and the Indian School of Business. Public-private partnerships (PPP) arrangements, tax concessions for education and encouraging foreign capital to build infrastructure in India would encourage the creation of new capacities by the private sector.

India’s education sector is expected to witness huge investments from PE funds over the next couple of years on the back of increased Government spending and expansion plans of private players.

Investment opportunities in energy and telecommunication sector of India

The Government of India has accepted Telecom Regualtory Authority of India’s (TRAI) recommendations on ‘Approach towards Green Telecommunication’ and has decided to promote the use of green energy in the telecommunication sector setting broad directions and goals to achieve desired reduction in carbon emission through use of renewable energy technologies and energy efficient equipment. Department of Telecommunications has issued directions to the licensees for implementation with immediate effect. These directions stipulate inter-alia that at least 50 per cent of all rural telecom towers and 20 per cent of the urban towers are to be powered by hybrid power (renewable energy technologies and grid power) by 2015 while 75 per cent of rural towers and 33 per cent of urban towers are to be powered by such systems by 2020.

Telecommunication sector of India

Telecommunication in India is the second-largest in the world with 951.3 million subscribers as of March 2012. India is expected to feature among the top 10 broadband markets by 2013.

In terms of subscriber base, Bharti Airtel made the lead in the month of July 2012 with 188.8 million subscribers followed by Vodafone with 154.9 million. Idea Cellular added 455, 912 subscribers to have 117.6 users and State-run Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL) added 471,552 users to have 98.75 million subscribers. Tata Teleservices has a total number of 77.8 million subscribers, while Uninor has 44.5 million.

Since the introduction of the New Telecom Policy in 1999, telecommunication in India has witnessed huge investment opportunities, especially in the wireless segment. The industry has evolved as a basic infrastructure on the similar lines of electricity, roads, water etc.

The Government of India is also focussing on improving rural tele-density and broadband connectivity, effective expansion of the networks with efficient utilisation of scarce spectrum and ensuring equal sharing of highly capital intensive infrastructure.

Indian Energy Sector

The Indian energy sector is one of the most diversified sectors in the world. Energy in India is generated from commercial sources like coal, lignite, natural gas, oil, hydro and nuclear power as well as other viable non-conventional sources like wind, solar and agriculture and domestic waste. Energy sector in India has been growing at a rapid rate and is expected to increase further in the years to come. In order to meet the increasing requirement of electricity, massive addition to the installed generating capacity in the country is required.

India has been one of the top performing clean energy economies in the 21st century, registering the fifth highest five-year rate of investment growth and eighth highest in installed renewable energy capacity, according to a research report released by The Pew Charitable Trusts.

The investment climate is very positive in the Indian energy sector. Due to the surge in the sector, it has witnessed higher investment flows than envisaged. The Ministry of Power has sent its proposal for addition of 76,000 MW of power capacity in the Twelfth Five Year plan (2012-2017) to the planning commission. The ministry has set a target for adding 93,000 MW in the Thirteenth FiveYear Plan (2017-2022).

The Government has initiated several policies for energy sector in India to promote and garner investments from NRIs/PIOs. To accelerate capacity addition, several policy initiatives have been undertaken by the Ministry of Power.

November 28, 2012

Wealth Management Investment Guide for NRIs

What would you prefer: Rs 1, 00,000 right now or Rs 1, 00,000 five years from now?

It will be better if we should take Rs 1, 00,000 today because we know that there is a certain time value of money. The Rs 1, 00,000 received now will provide us with an opportunity to put it to work instantly and earn a certain return on it.

A single rupee today is worth more than a single rupee a few years down the line. Because of this, people who have surplus funds in the form of savings want to invest so that the value of the funds over the years does not go down.

It is also very important to determine your financial goals. You need to decide which type of investment strategies works for you. Your strategy will determine the extent of your success in the investment world whether you invest in India or overseas markets.

The strategies can differ greatly from a rapid growth strategy where an investor focuses on capital appreciation to a safety strategy where the focus is on wealth protection. The most important part of investment strategies is that it aligns with the individual’s goals and is closely followed by the investor.

Investment options in India

There are various forms of investments options at the disposal of individuals in India. These include real assets like a house, a car, a television, or financial assets like stocks in companies, bonds, units of funds, etc.

Traditionally, term deposits in banks, post office savings schemes, bonds and common stocks are the most accessible forms of investments available to the investors. Term deposits, post office savings schemes and bonds give a fixed return over a period of time.

Several national priority level and state-specific projects are being implemented across the country by the Government of India. These offer huge potential for investors willing to invest in India. The Government is in fact, promoting Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in many projects opening up new vistas in sectors such as infrastructure, education, healthcare etc.

Wealth management services in India

There are individual investment avenues in India that help you enhance your individual wealth. These are offered by eminent banks in India, which have rich experience in servicing overseas Indians. Not only will you get to choose from a wide bouquet of investment products, but these can also be customised as per your individual needs.

Investment Toolkit

In an effort to ease the process of investing into the country, Overseas Indian Facilitation Centre (OIFC) has developed an online ‘NRI Investment Guide‘.

The toolkit provides an entire range of investment guidelines, policies and procedures, suggests the range of compliance requirements and clearances, as desired, in synergy with the investor’s investment preferences. In other words, it is a simple, practical, and realistic online investment guide customised to the needs of overseas Indian investors.

Investment Facilitation Platform of OIFC helps NRI through the complete process of investing, right from choosing the correct investment opportunities and applying right investment strategies to actually making the investment.

November 23, 2012

Doing Business in India – A profitable opportunity for NRIs

The Indian economy continues to grow at a good pace and holds a strong position on the global map. The country’s gross domestic product (GDP) has been growing at an average rate of 8.5 per cent for the last five years.

India’s economy is amongst the largest in the world on the basis of Purchasing Power Parity. It is today one of the most attractive destinations for business and investment opportunities with the available large manpower base, diversified natural resources and strong macroeconomic fundamentals. In FY 2011-12, the country attracted foreign direct investment (FDI) of around US$ 46.8 billion in various sectors.

Advantage India

  • World’s largest democracy with 1.2 billion people
  • Stable political environment and responsive administrative set up
  • Well established judiciary to enforce rule of law
  • Land of abundant natural resources and diverse climatic conditions
  • India’s growth will start to outpace China’s within three to five years and hence, India will become the fastest large economy with 9-10 per cent growth over the next 20-25 years, according to a report by Morgan Stanley
  • Investor friendly policies and incentive-based schemes
  • India’s economy will grow five-fold in the next 20 years, as per a study by McKinsey
  • Cost competitiveness; low labour costs
  • Total labour force of nearly 530 million

Investment Options for NRIs in India

India offers a stable, prosperous foundation to grow one’s business. It offers rich business opportunities and markets to non-resident Indians (NRIs) for new products and services. It is one of the fastest, easiest and lucrative investment destinations in the world to set up business. India is the second-most profitable destination, according to UNCTAD’s World Investment Prospects Survey 2010-2012.

India is in the midst of rapid economic and social transition and is giving a feel good factor to the NRIs, especially the real estate sector. Returns from real estate investments have consistently performed well and have even outperformed other businesses in India.

The health care sector has also opened new business opportunities in India for NRIs to invest in the country because of the rise in disposable income, penetration of health insurance and change in lifestyle of present generation.

There are many other exciting business opportunities in India, especially, for entrepreneurs dealing in outsourcing technology, internet ventures, software development, e-commerce, etc.

Government’s intervention on policy issues, especially, tax regulations and FDI in sectors like retail, aviation etc. will play an important role in driving large transactions, especially, inbound deals. India’s growth story remains intact and NRIs can look forward to see better investment options in the second half of 2012.

Success Stories

India has witnessed a number of success stories – both Indian and multinational firms have registered higher profits, increased turnover and higher sales over the years. This has prompted them to reinvest profits and inject fresh capital into their processes in order to reap the benefits of the India growth story.

Investments have been made by Corporate across the board and almost all the sectors have seen inflow of funds. Global players such as Daimler Chrysler, General Motors, Ford, LG Electronics, Samsung, Sony, Amway, Tupperware, Pepsico, McDonald’s, IBM, Oracle, Microsoft, Aviva, Nortel, and Nokia among others have benefited from their business in India and have made expansion plans for the country. The companies plan to expand by way of product diversification, setting up manufacturing base in India, increasing the existing production capacity, establishing research centres in India, etc.

October 22, 2012

How and Where to Invest in India?

If you’re thinking about investing in India to make money especially in real estate, you need to first determine your financial goals. Do you need to make money quickly, invest for your children’s college fund, or build wealth for your retirement? Once you determine your financial goals, you need to decide which type of investment strategy works for you.

The proof of an investment strategy is how it performs in bad times, not in good times! Strategy is the key, whether you are planning a war, an election campaign or buying a property. There is no such thing as a generic, one-size-fits-all strategy. It is a statement, not an essay. Not having one, is like driving a car through the woods at night without any lights on. Planning your investments in a way that suits your strategy can enable you to create and maintain a competitive advantage.

Choosing the right investment strategiesis all about matching the right real estate problem with the right investment solution. Your choice of which strategy to implement depends on two factors:

  • The profit outcome you want to achieve (i.e. capital gains and/or positive cash flow returns); and
  • The needs of the person who’ll be paying you money in exchange for the use of the property.

Your strategy will determine the extent of your success in the property investment world whether you invest in India or overseas markets. It is a crucial first step for the novice property investor and something that an experienced investor monitors and reviews in light of its performance. Strategy dictates the Why, When, Where and How of property investment.

Business Investment Opportunities in India for NRIs

In today’s global economy more and more companies are looking behind their countries borders for investment opportunities. These opportunities can be mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures or Greenfield investments. India is gaining more and more respect as a country to invest in, while it has some major advantages.

India is the second-most profitable destination, according to UNCTAD’s World Investment Prospects Survey 2010-2012.

Long-term projects call for large investments, other options include individual investment avenues and products.

National priority level and state-specific projects are being implemented across the country. These offer huge potential for investors willing to invest in India. The government is in fact, promoting Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in many projects opening up new vistas in sectors such as infrastructure, education, healthcare etc.

The health care sector of India has also opened new business investment opportunities for Non-Resident Indians (NRIs)/Person of Indian Origin (PIOs) to invest in India because of the rise in disposable income, penetration of health insurance and unhealthy lifestyle of present generation.

The returns from real estate sector in India have consistently performed well and have even outperformed other investment options. The Government of India has created many policies and schemes to maximize business investment opportunities for NRIs/PIOs looking to invest in Indian real estate sector.

Government’s intervention on policy issues, especially, Tax Regulations and foreign direct investment (FDI) in sectors like retail, aviation etc. will play a role in driving large transactions, especially inbound deals.

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