Investment Opportunities in India

January 28, 2013

Flourishing Investment Opportunities in India for NRIs

The Indian economy continues to grow at a good pace and holds a strong position on the global map. The country’s gross domestic product (GDP) has been growing at an average rate of 8.5 per cent for the last five years.

India’s economy is amongst the largest in the world on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP). It is today one of the most attractive destinations for business opportunities with the available large manpower base, diversified natural resources and strong macroeconomic fundamentals. In FY 2011-12, the country attracted foreign direct investment (FDI) of around US$ 46.8 billion in various sectors.

According to UNCTAD’s World Investment Prospects Survey 2012–2014, India is the third-most attractive destination for FDI in the world. Indian markets have significant potential and offer prospects of high profitability and a favorable regulatory regime for investors.

“We are keen to see FDI investment to surge in India and to that end, a favourable business climate will be helpful in going forward. We are encouraged to see there is a continued path towards fiscal consolidation. That there is a determination to improve the tax code. There is a determination to cap the subsidies at two per cent. All of those measures are good measures,” according to Ms Christine Lagarde, Chief, International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Key Sectors

India has grown to become a trillion dollar economy with a largely self-sufficient agricultural sector, a diversified industrial base and a stable financial and services sector. There are numerous sectors that offer lucrative business investment opportunities in India. Some of the key sectors are:

  • Aerospace & Defence
  • Automotive
  • Banking
  • Capital markets
  • Life Sciences
  • Information Technology
  • Insurance
  • Media & Entertainment
  • Mining & Metals
  • Oil and Gas
  • Ports
  • Power and Utilities
  • Real Estate
  • Retail and consumer products
  • Roads and highways
  • Telecommunications

Government Initiatives in supporting business investments opportunities in India

In order to enable individuals to have the complete benefit of available business opportunities in India, the Government of India has taken following initiatives:

  • The Government has signed memoranda of understanding (MoU) with 47 investors, attracting investments worth Rs 243.67 crore (US$ 43.83 million), according to S G Hegde, Joint Director, District Industries Centre, Mangalore
  • The Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) plans to utilise the Rs 5,000 crore (US$ 899.28 million) venture fund allocated to it for investments in micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) over the next four years. 100 MSME clusters have already been identified for the establishment of credit facilitation centres, added Mr Sushil Muhnot, Managing Director, SIDBI
  • The Government of Maharashtra has decided to set up a manufacturing zone spread over 5,000 hectares under the National Manufacturing Policy. The policy seeks to give a boost to the manufacturing sector so that by 2022, it can contribute at least 25 per cent to the National GDP and add 100 million new jobs to the market. It has recognised large integrated areas called National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZ), which will be the growth drivers for the sector

January 4, 2013

Policies for foreign investors to do business in India

“India is clearly becoming a more and more important player on the world stage in G20 context, in terms of its role in the global economy. It is very useful for us to exchange ideas and build the basis for future collaboration,” according to Mr Ben Bernanke, Chairman, US Federal Reserve.

India is the fifth best country in the world with dynamic growing businesses opportunities for non-resident Indians (NRIs). The Grant Thornton Global Dynamism Index gives a reflection of how suitable an environment it offers for dynamic businesses.

Scenario of Indian Economy

The Indian economy continues to grow at a good pace and holds a strong position on the global map. The country’s gross domestic product (GDP) has been growing at an average rate of 8.5 per cent for the last five years.

India’s economy is amongst the largest in the world on the basis of Purchasing Power Parity. It is today one of the most attractive destinations for business and investment opportunities for NRIs and foreign investors with the available large manpower base, diversified natural resources and strong macroeconomic fundamentals. In FY 2011-12, the country attracted foreign direct investment (FDI) of around US$ 46.8 billion in various sectors.

The economy of India also boasts a robust financial system and deep capital markets. India’s demographic are very attractive with approximately 65 per cent of the total population falling in the age group of 15 to 64 years.

Foreign investment framework of India

The foreign direct investment (FDI) regime has been progressively liberalised during the course of the 1990s and continues to do so in the 2000s, with most restrictions on foreign investment being removed and procedures simplified. Foreign investors can invest directly and do business in India, either on their own or as a joint venture.

Some of the features of the consolidated FDI Policy of India and incentives offered by it:

  • Indian companies are permitted to issue equity shares, fully, compulsorily and mandatorily convertible debentures (FCD’s) and compulsorily and mandatorily convertible preference shares (CCPS) to the non-residents subject to pricing guidelines/valuation norms prescribed under FEMA
  • Foreign investment is calculated on the basis of ownership and control of the Indian company.
  • Use of foreign brand names/trademarks is permitted for the sale of goods in India
  • “Single window” clearance facilities and “investor escort services” are available in various states to simplify the approval process for new ventures

Sole proprietorship in India

Sole proprietorship is the oldest and most common form of business. It is a one-man organisation where a single individual owns, manages and controls the whole business. An NRI or a person of Indian origin (PIO) residing outside India is allowed to do business in India through a sole proprietorship concern. The investment should be made on non–repatriation basis subject to satisfying certain other conditions.

Tax Incentives in India

The Government of India, for the purpose of accelerated growth of the Indian economy, has extended incentives in the form of tax holiday, deductions, rebates etc under the direct/indirect taxes. Primarily, such incentive relates to export promotion, new industrial undertaking, infrastructure facilities, software industry, research, promotion of backward areas etc.

December 27, 2012

August 29, 2012

Scenario of Power Sector in India

Infrastructure refers to all those services and facilities that constitute the basic support system of an economy. The development of an adequate infrastructure is essential for sustainable growth of the Indian economy. Power is one of the most important components of infrastructure that affects economic growth and well-being of nations.

India is the fifth largest electricity producing nation in the world. Power generation has grown over 100 fold since independence. The total installed capacity in India is above 1, 50,000 MW, of which majority of capabilities is with public sector companies. Only 15 per cent capacity is from the private sector, though this is now starting to increase.

The power sector is normally divided into three sub-systems:

Generation: It is done at power plants or stations that convert some form of mechanical, chemical, or nuclear energy into electrical energy.

Transmission: It is the process of transferring the generated power to a distribution system.

Distribution: It is the final stage in the delivery of electricity to end users. It involves providing the transmitted power to individual homes, commercial areas, etc.

Growth and Performance

The Indian Ministry of Power has set a goal, “Mission 2012: Power for all”. Along with providing cent per cent access to electricity, the main aim is to provide reliable and good quality power to enhance commercial feasibility.

Due to rapid urbanisation and industrialisation, there is a huge demand for power in India. This creates enormous opportunities for private players because of high energy shortage. Government is inviting private investment in power infrastructure in India by providing various incentives to set up power plants, according to research report of Indian Power Sector Analysis.

A massive capital investment of around US$ 200 billion is required to meet Mission 2012 targets. The Indian electricity sector, will add nearly 45,000 megawatt (MW) to its total installed capacity by 2013-14, to the existing production, according to a RNCOS research report. This has welcomed several global companies to establish their operations in India under the public-private partnership programs.

Investment Policy

Government of India has initiated several reform measures to create a favourable environment for investment in the country. Some of the measures are:

  • There is no requirement of licenses to set up new power plants in India. According to the Ministry of Power, 100 per cent FDI is permitted in generation, transmission and distribution system of power sector in India.
  • Indian Government provides income tax holiday for a block of 10 years in the first 15 years of operation and waiver of capital goods’ import duties on mega power projects (above 1,000 MW generation capacities).
  • Power procurement is permitted through a transparent bidding process. There is no customs duty on the import of capital goods for mega power projects.
  • The Government of India has also constituted independent regulatory commissions in 22 states, so that each State has its own electricity regulatory commission. Distribution reforms have been initiated with distribution being privatised in few states like Mumbai, Orissa and Delhi.

June 19, 2012

Increasing Investment Opportunities in India

India has become one of the fastest growing economies. Investment growth is eventually linked to the growth of the economy. So most of the investors look for emerging markets like India, where the growth rate is higher than the developed economies. Investing in India is becoming a big attraction for the foreign investors especially due to the booming Indian economy.

Every individual wants to invest his/her money in the right means. There are various wonderful investment options in India. The challenge is to find out the right option that can not only offer flexibility, but also provide good returns in the future.

Top investment options in India

Bank Fixed deposits (FD)
This is considered to be a safe investment and generates stable income. The minimum tenure of FD is 15 days and maximum 5 years and above. Senior citizens get special interest rates on fixed deposits. The period of ideal investment is 6-12 months.

National Saving Certificate (NSC)
It is one of the safe investment options in India backed by government. The lock-in period is 6 years. Minimum amount required is Rs100 and there is no upper limit. Since the NSC comes under section 80 C, it also entitles the individual to get tax deductions up to Rs 1Lac

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is also monitored and backed up by the government of India. A minimum investment of Rs 500 and maximum Rs 1, 00,000 is required to be deposited in a fiscal year. This includes fixed-income investment for high tax payers with low risk. Any individual in India can invest in this scheme and can earn a handsome tax free return. The lock-in period is 15 years and the interest rate is 8.8 per cent calculated annually.

Stock market
Investing in share market is another investment option to get more returns. But share market investment is volatile to market conditions. Investing in the stock markets potentially yield higher profits.

Mutual Funds
Mutual Fund companies collect money from investors and invest in share market. Investing in mutual funds is also subject to market risks but return is good.

Other investments
There are various other options for business investors in India like real estate, gold and private equity available in the country. One needs to be sure of the authenticity of the organisation, interest rates, benefits and conditions before investing.

Foreign Investment in India

Foreign direct investment (FDI) in India is possible through automatic route (which does not require any approval) and government route (which requires approval).There are set of guidelines provided by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Securities and Exchange Board of India (sebi) for NRI investment in India.

The government of India has created a favorable climate for foreign investors like tax exemptions, benefits from the state and central government bodies, etc. A foreign company could invest in India either by having a wholly owned subsidiary i.e. by having a joint venture with an Indian company or by having a branch office.

There are various investment options and opportunities available in India. However, it is important to invest in that instrument which suits the individual in terms of investment amount and risk.

May 22, 2012

India becoming NRI’s Favorite Investment Destination

India is the fourth preferred destination for FDI just after the United States, China and Britain. Government offers several facilities to Non Resident Indians (NRIs) to attract foreign investment in India.

NRIs are allowed to invest in the primary and secondary capital markets in India through the portfolio investment scheme (PIS). Under this scheme, NRIs can acquire shares/debentures of Indian companies with the help of stock exchanges in India.

The growth of nation comprises of various amendments of acts and policies, investment favorable taxation and other documentation process for starting a company, availability of human resources, etc. All these factors attract NRIs investment in India. The two most attractive features of the Indian market are high potential of the domestic market driven by an emerging middle class and cost competitiveness.

Investment Options

The RBI allows Non Resident Indians to hold accounts in Indian banks as business investors in India. There are different types of saving and deposit investment schemes based on the type of account. Joint holding is also allowed in these accounts subject to certain limitations. This can be a good investment option for NRIs who have parents or blood relatives in India.

RBI has also granted general permission for NRIs investment in India, who are willing to invest money in shares of growing companies in India. They have an option to invest in mutual funds, fixed deposits, shares and debentures of companies, etc. The limit of investment, type of company and few other factors are subject to regulations of RBI and SEBI.

The NRIs are also allowed to invest in Government securities and National Savings Certificate. They can also convert their money into property (except the agricultural land), so that it remains as a security on long term basis while the value of the investment grows with time.

Benefits for NRI Investors:

  • Taxation policy in India has been changed to favor NRIs to invest in India
  • Various provisions have been made to benefit NRIs
  • Loans are provided to NRI against deposit schemes to construct homes in India
  • With advancement in technology, mode of transaction has leaped a step ahead through demat accounts, internet banking facility etc.

Major Points for Investment:

  • NRIs can directly invest in the Indian companies equity market using their own demat account or broker account.
  • They can deal with only one bank at a time.
  • NRIs can trade only in delivery-based transactions. Intraday trading (buy and sell on the same day) is not allowed for them.
  • They will be allowed to invest only up to 5 % of the paid up capital of the company.
  • NRIs need to have 100% funds at the time of buying. No exposure is given to NRIs.
  • They need to have 100% stock available to them while selling. No short selling allowed.

It is very important to choose the best broker for NRIs investments in India. So that, all the NRI services that are to be availed are of high quality.

April 13, 2012

The Opportunities and Outcomes of NRI Investments in India

While analyzing the structure of NRIs investment in India, first you must know in depth about FDI or foreign direct investment. Soon, you may have your organization or company in India and you might be expecting an international intervention which can surely help your company grow with years. In this case you would be appositely provided with expertise, funds and foreign money so that you can well channelize you efforts and move one step nearer towards an empirical set up. There has been much scope for FDI in India and the genre is intensifying with time. Foreign investors too are trying to make the best use of Indian intellect to make more out of the money that they are investing.

Though the scope is huge but India’s attitude in matters of foreign direct investment has not been so encouraging. You can witness hundred percent FDI influence only in case of individual retailing. Most Indian entrepreneurs are of the opinion that an FDI plan is quite ruining for Indian economy and that they would in no way be apt for a domestic economic plan. Supremacy of multi-branded retailers would mean an end to small retailers and manufacturers. They are of the opinion that a strict entry for multi branded retailers would mean loss of employment for a major section of the population. This is no way encouraging for NRIs investment in India.

However, the encouraging part about the FDI in India is that there is a section of the population who believe that if a country allows the FDI concept it would be economically beneficial for the country itself. In the process, the foreign fiscal intervention would surely allow you to have a high standard of living and the country would really stand stalwart with prefect infrastructural facilities. The greatest positive implication of FDI is that it allows a quick flow of cash. Following the way you can earn more amount of money in the least amount of time.

After all FDI in India is not a threat. There is a section of the population who feel that with apposite FDI intervention the farmers would get more money for the products which they are selling directly to the retailers. Most of the time, the mediators keep a huge part of the money for themselves, and they make the farmers suffer in the process. FDI brings the end of the sufferings and once India starts outsourcing and becomes an FDI figure itself things would really seem to improve.

There are several reasons why people would want to invest in India. Cheap resource and a strong operational unit have always kept India at the front seat in matters of ushering more foreign investments. Thus, foreign companies have always opened up in India and they are making huge amount of money through an effective production process. These foreign companies are always in look out for making the most of all the better opportunities that come on the way.

When speaking about NRIs investment in India, you must know that there are two types of FDIs. One is the inward FDI and the other one is the outward FDI. When you are investing money after a second country it is outward FDI and when you are accepting investments from a third party it can be better denoted as inward FDI.

However, while having a synopsis you can say that investments both directly and indirectly can be beneficial if you are following the rules correctly.

April 9, 2012

Judging Business Investment Opportunities is Important

There are innumerable business investment opportunities meant for you. You have to grab the right one for yourself. In business you can literally invest after anything. However, a blind investment can really make you suffer in the long run. Make sure that you know in details after what you are investing. You can invest in an existing company or you can also invest in a fresh business opportunity. It absolutely depends on your requirements. However, it is always safe to invest in something which is already there. There would be minimum risk of failure. Investing after a fresh concept is hazardous. To do this you have to go through a solid research work. A perfect find out will always help you invest in the best possible way.

Are you trying to go for something more dynamic and global? Then make plans for business investments after international entrepreneurs. For this you can take the best help from internet. There are dedicated websites for the purpose and they mainly aim at matching the business enterprises with all potential investors. On net business investment is quite risky. In most cases you are dealing with an unseen company. In no way you can trace the company if you lose cash in the process. In recent years to avoid such uncanny situations most investors are checking with the international status of a company before investing a sum in the venture.

There can be local business investment opportunities as well. To do this you can start looking for the Chamber of Commerce in your particular area. Being a member of this organization you can invest in business more confidently. The chamber of commerce is a place where business men of all, status and potential come to meet each other. Business is greatly discussed in such places and the current economy is judged at a bigger rate. Here you would also find businessmen helping each other in times of need. Chambers can lend you money to buy equipment and enhance your business status.

Researching is a very important part of business investment opportunities. There are several possibilities of investment and this is the time for you to know about them in details. Never skip your research stage. Putting in money without proper knowing is a crime. You can even borrow money from several fiscal organizations when you plan to invest in business. However, such economic bodies would be really interested to know the nature and extent of your business. This is because they would be interested in judging the possibilities of your business to find out whether you would be able to return the loan in time.

There can be good business investment opportunities and there can be those safer ones as well. However, in risky business affairs the returns are quite promising. Once you win the opportunity you would get huge in return. But, the tag of risk is always there. On the other hand in less risky business affairs the amount of gain is sure to be less. The lesser is the risk the less would be the gain. Here a self-judgment is highly required before you make the ultimate investment.

March 23, 2012

Infrastructure in India and its Varied Opportunities

The Infrastructure for India can be based on power and electricity and it is a common knowledge that these infrastructures needs serious built ups, the service sector has taken a leap into excellence and is inviting more and more clients from abroad to set up their customer service industry in the Indian market. The transport is another sector and the labor migration and security all are different sectors that need to be explored a little more so that they can bring in more prosperity for the market. The infrastructures can be improved by more planning on each side and sector and then investing on them so that they grow.

The labor cost are lower in India than its competitors and the hence there is no shortage for cheap labor. The fresh stream of air in the industries can be brought as incentives from different governmental bodies and public sectors. There are various Investment Opportunities for the Indian market as it is a source for raw materials and there is the modern work forces that bear a better communication skill that can bring in the changes. The investment can be made by investors who are looking for different ways to earn profit.

This democracy is one of the largest in the world and hence it has become a top resource for the countries worldwide and developed the growing opportunity for different Infrastructure for India for different manufacturing units. The deposit of natural resources like iron ore, coal, titanium ore, petroleum, mica, limestone, dolomite and many other such ores give India a lot of opportunities to channelize its resources. The area that is covered by forest is also vast and therefore can be tapped for other resources like the flora and the fauna and the different rare timber and vegetation.

The Indian economy has traditional farming by using modern agriculture. It has a chunk of workers who work on handicrafts that are done by using bare hands and small machines propelled by hand. The Investment Opportunities will be seen with the large industries like the large machine driven manufacturing units and service units. The food producing units cater to the food for the people all over the world. The industry based on production of sugarcane, rice and tea have also grown to a great extent and there are also the products from milk, fruits and vegetables ruling the market and these can compete well in the global market.

This is a land of diverse economy and varied resources. The Infrastructure for India does comprise of areas that have not been tapped properly as yet and other side shows us sectors that has grown and has brought in economic restructuring for the country. The industry that introduced Foreign Direct Investment are the service sectors, fuels and chemicals, the area for electrical equipment and the construction industry and the telecommunication industry. The drug and food processing are other areas that have grown and the recent growth has been seen in the outsourcing industry. India still has areas that has huge potential and not yet been tapped and they can help the Indian states and the country gain prosperity as a whole.

Indian Economy and its Different Phase for Growth

The economy of Indian subcontinent was as low as the other developing countries and it has come up slowly and steadily as time went by. Being a huge expanse, the Indian population has got varied resources and type of people. The Indian Economy has grown since the time of the Indus valley civilization. The days during the rule of the East India Company had been a serious downturn as the villages grew dependent on the East Indian merchants and had stopped normal farming activities. The raw materials were bought at much cheaper rates than from any other countries and the finished goods were forced down to the people of this continent at an exorbitant rate.

The Business in India started to grow when India got Independence and started to work hard to develop the economy to be self-reliant. There came up different policies and plans that helped in the growth of the economy. The main support was from agriculture and then the other side was the industry that was formed for extracting raw materials. Then industry started to grow from the knowledge of manufacturing from the raw materials. The Gross Domestic Product was calculated at 2.3% in the year 1951-52. The current GDP is at 9% as calculated for the year 205-06.

The trade and manufacturing industry came up and then came the foreign investments for liberalised trade and other reforms started to support the economy to flourish. The Indian Economy started to gain momentum as Government came up with new and better ideas and the policies that they introduced helped the economy to be liberalized. The reforms started from this point and the economic growth started with the introduction of trading of the popular brands. The foreign investment in India started and kept on growing at a steady rate. This diverse economy has helped the national and the global economy too.

The current trend shows that there are few Businesses in India that are good for the entrepreneurs and few such businesses are tourism and the automobile business. Indian population love to move around and thus the national spots and few International spots are good for the Indian citizen and there are foreign tourists who visit India to explore its beaches and deserts, mountains and wild life and hill stations and rural villages , all of which have so much to offer to the tourists towards full enjoyment . The industry related to the automobiles and the automobiles parts are a good source of income for the world over and India has got a good chunk of the industry thriving in Indian market.

The textile market has been a strong point for Indian market from the past and as days passed by, the industry has come up with modern style and apparels, textures and colors and new ideas. The other such zones that have opportunity for the Indian Economy are export of software to the foreign countries and the engineering goods for entrepreneurs having rising demands for such products. A few challenges like a huge population, unemployment and poverty are still there to hamper the growth of the economy but as there has been a steady growth in so many sectors, the Indian businesses will keep prospering the economy of the country in the days to come.

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